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Methane is a gas consisting of one carbon atom for every four hydrogen atoms. Let us get acquainted with everything you need to know about the molecule structure of CH4.
Methane is a gas comprising Carbon and hydrogen atoms with the chemical formula CH4.
It is found in small quantities in the atmosphere of the earth. It is defined as the simplest hydrocarbon comprising four hydrogen atoms and one carbon atom.
It is a powerful greenhouse gas that is flammable and is often used as fuel worldwide. It is primarily used to make light and heat.
The central carbon atom in the CH4 forms the covalent bond with these four hydrogen atoms, and this sharing generally completes the outer shell of both hydrogen and carbon atoms.
The four hydrogens around the central carbon indicate that there are a total of four electron groups around this carbon atom, generating a molecule’s tetrahedral shape.
These tetrahedral-shaped molecules form the 109 degrees’ bond angles.
Methane has a tetrahedral structure comprising four equivalent C-H bonds.
The shape of methane is a regular tetrahedron with carbon at the centre and hydrogen at each corner.
Each H-C-H in methane has an angle of 109.5°, and every CH bond distance is at 1.09 angstroms.
The methane structure has all the outer atoms the same, that is, it includes the same dipoles, and also the dipole moments are also in the same direction.
The dipole moment is towards the carbon atoms, so the overall molecule becomes non-polar.
Therefore methane has non-polar bonds and is considered non-polar overall.
Methane is considered tetrahedral in shape as it has 4 electron density regions around the central carbon atoms having four bonds and no lone pairs.
And therefore, the resulting shape comes as a regular tetrahedron with H-C-H angles of 109.5°.
CH4 molecule is tetrahedral as the four C-H bonds in methane are held at an angle of 109 degrees – 28’.
Since the angle in the space at which the repulsions between the four shared electrons pairs is minimum.
Methane is used
Methane has a tetrahedral molecular structure with carbon at the centre and hydrogen at each corner. We hope this answer has given you clarity over the molecular structure of CH4.
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