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Mitochondria refer to the membrane-bound organelles that are present in the eukaryotic cell’s cytoplasm, which produces adenosine triphosphate (ATP) that is the primary energy molecule utilized by the cells.
While talking about mitochondria, it is essential to get familiar with everything concerning it. Let us begin with the definition first.
Mitochondria are well known by the name “powerhouse of the cell”. These are the double membrane-bound organelle that is usually found in most eukaryotic organisms inside the cytoplasm and essentially work as a cell’s digestive system.
Mitochondria play a crucial role in breaking down the nutrients while generating energy-rich molecules for the cells. Several biochemical reactions involved in cellular respiration occur within the mitochondria.
The term mitochondrion is derived from the Greek words namely “mitos” and “chondrion”, which means thread and granules like respectively.
It is because these are the cell’s organelles that are further responsible for producing ATP and the energy currency of the cell.
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While talking about the structure of mitochondria, it has a double membrane and a rod-shaped structure that is found in both animal and plant cells.
An essential function of mitochondria is to produce energy via the oxidative phosphorylation process. However, apart from this important function, it is also involved in the following processes.
However, any irregularity in mitochondria functioning can directly affect human health, but it is challenging to identify that as symptoms may vary from person to person. And the disorders can be pretty severe in several cases that it can even lead to causing the organ to fail. Several mitochondrial disorders include Barth syndrome, Alpers diseases, Kearns Sayre Syndrome.