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Organelles that can be found in a plant cell only are cell walls, chloroplasts, and vacuoles.
A cell wall is a rigid covering that gives shape to the cell, provides structural support and protects the cell.
The cell wall provides extra support and strength to the plant cell so that it doesn’t burst while gaining water by endosmosis.
Since the prokaryotic cell wall’s major component is peptidoglycan, the chief organic molecule in a plant cell wall is cellulose, and a polysaccharide made of glucose unit’s straight and long chains.
Chloroplasts have their own ribosomes and DNA. Photosynthesis takes place in chloroplasts.
These can be found in photoautotrophic eukaryotic cells like plants and algae.
In the photosynthesis process, water, light energy, and carbon dioxide are used to make oxygen and glucose.
And this is what marks the major difference between the animals and plants that plants are able to make their own food, and on the contrary, animals rely on other organisms for their food source.
The chloroplast comprises a green pigment known as chlorophyll. It captures the sunlight’s energy for photosynthesis.
The vacuole is basically a bag-like structure containing fluid known as cell sap. Cell sap is a watery solution that is rich in amino acids, minerals, sugar, proteins, etc.
Vacuole stores several ions, enzymes, pigments, inorganic and organic substances. It also plays a significant role in osmoregulation.
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